“Implementing Change in Organizations” by Weng Xi
This paper examines how the process of change influences the efficiency of subsequent routines. In doing so, it provides a theory of how history in a pre-game can account for steady-state selection in a long-run relationship. This theory provides an explanation for heterogeneity in firm- and plant-level performance that persists even after controlling for organizational practices and technology. We also propose several instruments a firm can use to reduce the history dependence of its long-run outcomes.