“Legislative Bargaining with Reconsideration” by Pohan Fong
City University of Hong Kong
We present a dynamic model of legislative bargaining with an endogenously evolving default policy and a persistent agenda setter. Policy-making proceeds until the agenda setter can no longer pass a new policy to replace an approved bill. We prove existence and necessary conditions of pure-strategy stationary equilibria for any .finite policy space, any number of players and any preference profile. In equilibrium, the value of proposal power is limited compared to the case that disallows reconsideration, as voters are induced to protect each other's benefits in order to maintain their future bargaining positions. The agenda setter, in turn, would prefer to limit his ability to reconsider. The lack of commitment due to the possibility of reconsideration, however, enhances policy efficiency.